Ww1 trench warfare

Shell-proof dugouts became a high priority.

Trench warfare significance

They crept out at dawn, heavily camouflaged, to find cover before daylight. The floor of the trench was usually covered by wooden duckboards. The enemy trenches were generally around 50 to yards apart. It was laid, several rows deep, by both sides to protect the front line trench. The front trench would be on average at least 6 foot deep and wide, then there was a second support trench a mile or so back behind. To attack frontally was to court crippling losses, so an outflanking operation was the preferred method of attack against an entrenched enemy. They were also used to transport injured men to the field hospitals. Thereafter, the trench would require constant maintenance to prevent deterioration caused by weather or shelling. As a result, neither side gained much ground for three and a half years from October to March of

This inability to move forward created the stalemate. The parados protected the soldier's back from shells falling behind the trench. Sometimes the soldiers just dug the trenches straight into the ground.

ww1 trenches diagram

The guns were very heavy and had to be supported on a tripod. Snipers, in addition to firing from the trenches, also operated from No Man's Land. Daily Routine in the Trenches Routines varied among the different regions, nationalities, and individual platoons, but the groups shared many similarities.

trench warfare conditions

They required a deliberate approach to seizing positions from which fire support could be given for the next phase of the attack, rather than a rapid move to break the enemy's line.

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WW1 Trenches: The Heart of Battle