Feasibility of two fresh water supply

project feasibility study report example

Efficacy is thus related to the criterion of acceptability, discussed below. In the implementation of policies, attention must be paid to the perceived need of community members that have generally been in tune with the natural limits of scarce resources. Even where demand is price-inelastic where the amount consumed changes less than proportionately to the price increaseprices can still be successful in reducing consumption, compared to other options for balancing supply and demand.

Other criteria may also be relevant in particular circumstances, e. Dams and reservoirs, aqueducts, river diversions, major irrigation schemes, industrial and municipal offtake, groundwater pumping, etc.

Less obviously, non-physical projects, such as new policies and programmes, including structural adjustment and sectorial reform, also may have significant impact on the environment.

Water pricing requires regular collection of revenue and a willingness to prosecute non-payers, coupled with appropriate administrative arrangements for funds collected to be channelled back to the water system.

It will therefore be tempting for politicians to support policy for a preventive rather than a mitigative approach, and to steer clear of a policy that relies on major behavioural changes e.

Many argue that this gives little incentive to save money and may, in fact, have the reverse effect.

feasibility study report for water supply project

The strict application of economic water pricing, based on the 'marginal cost' principle, could even generate 'excessive' revenue for the water utility compared to the alternative of average cost pricing. However, the former may be preferable in the longer term. The man has made a selfish choice that has sent him away for many years leaving behind his wife and his newborn.

The backlog is rising in absolute terms.

The man has made a selfish choice that has sent him away for many years leaving behind his wife and his newborn. However, this is a counsel of perfection and there would normally be gainers and losers in any policy change. A sustainable policy would be one having a positive impact on the finances of central or local government, e. Administrative feasibility Operating a policy must be within the administrative capability of the department or agency involved. Dams and reservoirs, aqueducts, river diversions, major irrigation schemes, industrial and municipal offtake, groundwater pumping, etc. Irrigation as a public-sector agency still relies on budget allocations to obtain financing. Which is what you usually do with travel. Universal adequate water supply and sanitation would benefit hundreds of millions of present sufferers from such diseases as diarrhoea, roundworm infection, schistosomiasis, trachoma and guinea worm World Bank, The effects of a huge financial gap in the water supply subsector and the call for continued subsidies for poor areas makes equity closely related to the criteria of public health and fiscal impacts. Many argue that this gives little incentive to save money and may, in fact, have the reverse effect. Recognition of the value of water and the high cost of turning a water source into a service delivered to a farm makes the water sector a prime target for further policy reforms. Water pricing requires regular collection of revenue and a willingness to prosecute non-payers, coupled with appropriate administrative arrangements for funds collected to be channelled back to the water system. You can travel by ferry across the sea and they can take you on short or long distances and are used all over the world. Though through the prophesy, no man came back with him, the man that did return came back a very changed man. Where conventional policies for water supplies often fail the poor, demand management measures may be helpful in comparison.

Efficiency The efficiency criterion requires that the economic benefits of policies exceed their costs. Poorer farmers are often at the tail end of irrigation systems, where supplies are unreliable.

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Chapter 6 Infrastructure and Utilities