An analysis of the agency concept in companies
Divestment of shares is the ultimate threat.
Agency theory wikipedia
Incentives encouraging the wrong behavior must be removed, and rules discouraging moral hazard must be in place. By accepting to undertake a task on their behalf, an agent becomes accountable to the principal by whom they are employed. By definition, an agent is using the resources of a principal. These practices have led to concerns that management will endanger long-term company growth in order to boost short-term profits and their own pay. Separation of ownership and control leads to a potential conflict of interests between directors and shareholders. For example, shareholders in a bank may object that management has set the bar too low on loan approvals, thus taking on too great a risk of defaults. Compare Investment Accounts.
By definition, an agent is using the resources of a principal. For economies to grow it was necessary to find a larger number of investors to provide finance to assist in corporate expansion.
Agency loss drops when the following situations occur: The agent and principal both hold similar interests of achieving the identical income. For example, shareholders in a bank may object that management has set the bar too low on loan approvals, thus taking on too great a risk of defaults.
That concern has led to yet another compensation scheme in which executive pay is partially deferred and to be determined according to long-term goals.
Residual loss This is an additional type of agency cost and relates to directors furnishing themselves with expensive cars and planes etc.
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